Education development systems of China and Turkey are quite similar with both countries governments focused on increasing the number of students enrolled in school. The highest population in the two states is young of under the age of twenty-four year, and a most of the university students are unemployed. In the past, the education systems have faced hurdles that stopped the students from attending school. One of the main challenges was domestic instability that is induced by of political pressures which directly affects the education policies and funding. Neighboring countries like Syria have been problematic to Turkey because of the refugees fleeing the state into Turkey due to the unsustainable student influx. Other factors that deterred the education system are a scarcity of resources, child labor, societal norms and adaptation problems ("unicef.org.tr," n.d).
However, in the recent past, the governments of China and Turkey have invested heavily in the education system with both budgets allocating vast amounts of money to the public schools and scholarships. The countries are adopting the outbound and inbound mobility of students that allow their countrys student to seek education in other states especially in America and Europe while other international students are accommodated in the education system and especially on scholarships (Int'L, 2015, p. 88) The system also provides students loans to the local students from poor backgrounds in enabling them to meet their basic needs. Education has been made easier for the international students after the two states adopted English as a learning language in the higher education institutions. China is running a compulsory education program funded by the government for at least nine years of children between the ages of six and fifteen while Turkey compulsory education is of twelve years with children starting school at the age of five. Besides the public schools, the governments have allowed private education systems which are not directly run by the states. However, private schools are run on non-profit organization basis and are popularly known as foundations and relatively expensive with the school fees being as high as 20,000 dollars per year.
The quality of education in the two states is impressive, considering the grading scale and especially in the high education institutions. The marking system is calibrated with alphabets running from A to F where A grade is an excellent performance of above ninety percent while F of below 60 (Education in Turkey," 2017. An admission to the University for Chinese and Turkish universities is solely based on the average performance of the students throughout their mean Secondary grades and the entrance examination conducted at the Universities. However, for those that graduate from technical and vocational schools, they further their knowledge at the designated technical instructions which are called polytechnics. Since 2014 the enrollment into the tertiary education systems have immensely increased as open, and distance learning has been introduced and implemented in the majority of the universities. The governments have pursued the legality and quality of this mode of learning to the labor market and approvers that it is of equal standard as the regular degrees thus encouraging the employability of the workforce trained under this program.
Finally, both education systems have been under severe scrutiny by UNESCO, therefore, pushing the governments to continually invest in improving the quality of the education by enforcing networking and educational programs for the teachers. Both Turkey and China aim at modernizing the teaching facilities through television satellites and internet to ensure high efficiency and quality in the whole education system.
Education in Turkey. (2017, September 18). Retrieved from https://wenr.wes.org/2017/04/education-in-turkey
Int'L, B. P. (2015). Turkey research and development policy handbook: Strategic information, policies and programs. Place of publication not identified: Intl Business Pubns Usa.
unicef.org.tr. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org.tr/sayfa.aspx?id=20&dil=en&d=1
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