Total students in the years 2014/2015 and 2015/2016In the year 2015/2016, the total postgraduate students were 532,975 all from the UK. However, this was a decrease compared to the total number of postgraduate students in the year 2014/2015 which were 538,180. In the year 2015/2016, the total undergraduate students were 1,747,855 all from the UK. However, this was a drop compared to the total number of undergraduate students in the year 2014/2015 which were 1,727,895, (Refer to Tables 1 and 2 respectively in the Appendix section).
Enrolment rates per countryFrom the analysis in Table 3 as shown in the Appendix section, it is evident that majority of the students are undergraduate students at 1747855 (76.6%) while 532975 (23.4%) are the postgraduate students. Moreover, majority of the learning students are from England at 1861345 (81.6%) while 235565 (10.3%) are from Scotland. On the other hand, 128675 (5.6%) and 55245 (2.4%) of the students were from Wales and Scotland respectively.
Mode of StudyIn addition, on the mode of study in the year 2015/2016 for the postgraduate students, majority at 309879 (57%) were on a full time basis while 233775 (43%) were on the part time mode. Similarly, in the year 2014/2015, majority at 310275 (56%) were on a full time basis while 239205 (44%) were on the part time mode, (Refer to Figures 1 and 2 respectively in the Appendix section).
Moreover, on the mode of study in the year 2015/2016 for the undergraduate students, majority at 1435420 (82%) were on a full time basis while 312455 (18%) were on the part time mode. Similarly, in the year 2014/2015, majority at 1391705 (81%) were on a full time basis while 336190 (19%) were on the part time mode, (Refer to Figures 3 and 4 respectively in the Appendix section).
DomicilesIn terms of domicile, in the years 2015/2016 and 2014/2015, majority of the students are from the United Kingdom with the lowest number of the students are not sure of their own domiciles. The illustrations are in Figure 5 and figure 6 as shown in the Appendix section.
DiscussionFrom the analysis of the total number of students registered yearly, seemingly the number of students getting registered every year reduces with time. For example, in the year 2015/2016, the total postgraduate students were 532,975 compared to the total number of postgraduate students in the year 2014/2015 which were 538,180. In addition, the total undergraduate students registered decreases from 1,747,855 in the year 2015/2016 to 1,727,895, in the year 2014/2015 (Refer to Tables 1 and 2 respectively in the Appendix section). This means that the flow of students in these universities is not increasing with time. This implies that the number of the students in the universities is likely to reduce by 2030 which is not a good sign for the education sector in general. This finding is concurrent to the words echoed by (Vaughan, 2007) that registration of students in the universities keeps on reducing with time.
In addition, the results indicates that majority of the students in these universities are undergraduates. This is probably due to the fact that most people do not prioritize advancing in their careers and instead get comfortable after finishing their first degrees. In a study by (Eisner, 1985), he established that most people given opportunity will not advance in their education.
In the analysis, it is clear that most of the students would rather prefer to study on a full time basis as compared to part time basis. This is because; full time basis takes shorter time to be completed as compared to part time studies. On the same note, (Quaye, and Harper, 2014) indicated that students would rather have their full time studies than part time classes.
Finally, in terms of permanent countries where the students come from (domiciles), majority of the students are from UK which is where the data was obtained from. This means that most students will prefer to study in their own home countries. This finding is contrary to the sentiments by (Wilkins, and Huisman, 2015) that it is preferred that students study outside their own home countries for adequate exposure and experience.
ConclusionIn conclusion, the number of students getting registered every year reduces with time. In addition, more undergraduate students are registered in the universities than the postgraduate students. Moreover, majority of the learning students are from England with lowest number of students being from Wales and Scotland. Furthermore, most of the students would rather prefer to study on a full time basis as compared to part time basis. Finally, majority of the students are from UK.
On the weakness of the analysis, it does not show whether there is a statistically significant association between some variables in the study.
For future studies, it will be in order to conduct studies on the attitude of postgraduate students towards advancing in their careers.
ReferencesEisner, E.W., 1985. The educational imagination (p. 176). New York: Macmillan.
Quaye, S.J. and Harper, S.R. eds., 2014. Student engagement in higher education: Theoretical perspectives and practical approaches for diverse populations. Routledge.
Vaughan, N., 2007. Perspectives on blended learning in higher education. International Journal on ELearning, 6(1), p.81.
Wilkins, S. and Huisman, J., 2015. Factors affecting university image formation among prospective higher education students: the case of international branch campuses. Studies in Higher Education, 40(7), pp.1256-1272.
AppendixTable SEQ Table \* ARABIC 1: Total students from each Country
Country Total Postgraduate students Total Undergraduate students
England 440385 1420960
Wales 25200 103475
Scotland 56715 178850
Northern Ireland 10675 44570
Total 532975 1747855
Year 2014/2015 Country Total Postgraduate students Total Undergraduate students
England 442580 1401515
Wales 28105 104860
Scotland 56200 176370
Northern Ireland 11295 45150
Total 538180 1727895
Table 3: Country * Students Crosstabulation
Undergraduate Student Postgraduate student Country England Count 1420960 440385 1861345
% within Country 76.3% 23.7% 100.0%
% within Students 81.3% 82.6% 81.6%
Wales Count 103475 25200 128675
% within Country 80.4% 19.6% 100.0%
% within Students 5.9% 4.7% 5.6%
Scotland Count 178850 56715 235565
% within Country 75.9% 24.1% 100.0%
% within Students 10.2% 10.6% 10.3%
Northern Ireland Count 44570 10675 55245
% within Country 80.7% 19.3% 100.0%
% within Students 2.5% 2.0% 2.4%
Total Count 1747855 532975 2280830
% within Country 76.6% 23.4% 100.0%
% within Students 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
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