Libya continues to experience civil war since NATO-backed forces overthrew the long-serving ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Since the National Council ousted Gaddafi, it has struggled to impose order on the armed militia that continues to destabilize the country. The country is now in a deep financial crisis six-year due to the continuing war between the transition government and militia groups such as ISIS that has taken advantage of the polarized country to take control of various cities (Pedde, 2017). As such, the country continues to rely on foreign aid that comprises of military, financial and technical assistance from developed countries with the aim of promoting economic, social and political progression.
Effects of peace and war respectively have on the distribution of foreign aid in Libya
There is a strong link between foreign aid and conflict dynamics as foreign aids play an essential role in the effects of war and enhance stability. On the other hand, aids have been accused of causes escalation of the war as a result of inflows that it brings McGillivray, M., & (Noorbakhsh, 2007). Due to the existence of the link between the conflict and distribution of foreign aids, it is evident that the existence of peace and has a direct effect on aid distribution in Libya. There some region in Libya which are peaceful and such regions are the one receiving foreign aid. Where there is peace, foreign aid has been distributed to their respective destinations. Furthermore, during the distribution of foreign aid, local bodies play an integral part in helping the international bodies. As such, where there is peace, most of this institutions are running effectively, and hence peace remains such as a key factor (De Ree & Nillesen, 2009). The affected groups such as the refugees and displaced people can move looking for humanitarian services due to peace in some of the regions. For instance, humanitarian groups in west Libya continues to reach more affected people due to prevailing peace in that region.
The political instability, especially in the eastern Libyan city and other affected areas, has limited the movement of humanitarian aid. Various access points to most of the affected regions have been closed, and this has made it difficult to supply food, clothing, and medicine among others. Most of the convoys are attacked by a militia group, and everything is taken away, and hence nothing reaches to the affected pope. There is also no functional institutions working to help humanitarian agencies in the distribution of foreign aid. Therefore, the two fighting sides need to agree and allow humanitarian services to move to help millions of people in need.
Action was taken by Libyan government to relieve war-related problems
The Libyan government continues to use the foreign aid effectively to relieve the severe problems that the civil war has caused to the country. Through the use of foreign aid, the Libyan government has built temporary shelters for internally displaced people and the refugees. As civil war continues, health and sanitation remain a major challenge, especially in refugee camps. Libya is at the moment hosting more than 500,000 refugees including 40,000 children. The children are the most vulnerable group since they are at risk of abuse and being exploited. The Libyan government has continued to provide life-saving help to affected families as it built the resilience of all communities affected and by the help of WHO, the government aims at carrying out the initiative in every sector to reach every affected child. The Libyan leadership has further focused on setting up schools around major camps to ensure that children continue to go to school.
Impact of foreign aid on poverty and occurrence of war reduction
In Libya, foreign aid has done little in reducing poverty and occurrences of war due to challenges humanitarian agencies face and the state of Libya. The humanitarian aids have majorly focused on helping the majority of people affected as a result of continued fighting, but not doing much to help in ending the conflict. Since most of the people are on the move due to the current civil war, trying to uplift their life remains a major challenge (Boniface, Chijindu & Ibe, 2017). Also, most of the humanitarian aids come from the United States, France, and United Kingdom. This was major countries that participated in ousting Gaddafi and are behind the current crisis in Libya. Even though they ousted Gaddafi, they NATO left Libya as it is, without any plan of bringing it back to Libya back on its feet. Therefore, the foreign aid from this countries have nothing to do with ending the war since NATO members could have saved the situation before leaving Libya (Dadlder & Stavridis, 2012).
The essay has focused mainly on the influence of peace and war on the distribution of Foreign aid specifically in Libya. The essay has further focused on precise actions that the Libyan government has taken through in dealing with the aftermath and the ongoing civil of war. Lastly, the paper has tried to show on whether foreign aid has reduced the rate of poverty in Libya and the escalation of the war. Foreign aid remains essential to warring countries, and regardless of the situation in the country, the disagreeing part should allow the free movement of foreign aid to the affected people.
Boniface, U., Chijindu, H., & Ibe, I. G. (2017). The Impact of Official Aid on Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria (1981-2014) Using The ARDL and Bound Test Approach. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 6(2), 111.
Dadlder, I. H., & Stavridis, J. G. (2012). 1. Title: NATO'S Victory in Libya. Foreign Affairs, 91(2).
De Ree, J., & Nillesen, E. (2009). Aiding violence or peace? The impact of foreign aid on the risk of civil conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Development Economics, 88(2), 301-313.
McGillivray, M., & Noorbakhsh, F. (2007). Aid, conflict and human development (No. 2007_03).
Pedde, N. (2017). The Libyan conflict and its controversial roots. European View, 16(1), 93-102.
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