The attributed of quality' are related to accuracy, value and measuring up to standards that are advanced regarding the success in seeking knowledge. Quality is also a virtue of competence and skill in the process of producing knowledge. The consideration of the built knowledge as high quality and accurate means that the measured, known and predicted has to be equal or same to the real, the truth, the actual and the existing. In case of any discrepancy or deviation then it is considered an error. When errors occur in the process of knowledge production, then a robust process exists to investigate, reflect, inquire, probe and reexamine the causes. The stout techniques for testing knowledge claims strengthen confidence to appealing information and knowledge (Gibbons, 23). This means that producing the quality of knowledge not only depends on the means and ways to get close to the truth and be free from errors but also required to know that the information provided is actual, real, true and existing.
Quality is not only linked to the advancement and increase of knowledge but also to the level of progress in knowledge production which is on the social progress that includes the quality of life, economic prosperity and justice in the society and also in technological progress that entails increased effectiveness of techniques and tools. What the quality in knowledge production does is that it ensures that the scientific models and theories are validated based on how much theories and models have been experimentally tested, the time frame of their experimentation and the degree of acceptance the articulate in the scientific community. The accreditation of knowledge is done over a duration of time-based on the accumulation of evidence, and its accompanied explanation that proves to be more accurate and robust compared to other alternatives that explain the same evidence. The need to justify this has support on the claim, remove and reduce any doubts by use of empiricism, logical deduction and authoritative testimony to achieve quality when tested and tried over a period.
Incomplete theories are mostly being observed and chronicled in the historical, natural science and social science fields. Many theories have been proposed and discussed explaining some phenomena using basic principles, but as time goes by, new technological advancement is introduced predicting new results that outshine the previous experiments (Gibbons, 48). This appears to mean that theories are not accurate despite the fact that they give a better approximation of the reality or truth addresses to understand and know but could not stand the test of time. In a given period, evidence gathered through data inspire, and observation help refutes and also offers support for scientific theories and hypotheses.
Evidence remains the only option that exists in providing a foundational element for testing theories and hypotheses in the areas of History, social science, and natural science. This information, worked over hundreds of years, has been continuously tried and refined through a comprehensive, logical strategy that determines its energy and legitimacy from confirming. In other areas of knowledge, the arguments lack empirical evidence persisting over along durations hence thus affecting the quality of knowledge production. One example of this is religion systems where believers and atheists debates have never been tested and relied on based on the belief that God exists. The argument that comes out of this is that, if God exists then his interactions have to be detected and measured in some way, but this has never happened ever. The atheists also argue that the being unmeasurable, private and personal and also through faith is an excuse that has been used by religions not to bring out evidence.
Toa ascertains the quality of knowledge, various areas of studies have different approaches and techniques to start with modifying theories and hypothesis. About the quality of knowledge proportional to the historical duration of development, the paper will base its discussion in the areas of religious system and natural science.
Many religions base their beliefs on the sacred ancient written texts by the authors who have been thought to be inspired by God to write texts that are free from error. Ultimately, religions have utilized different techniques to rectify their religious knowledge. The specific writings are overlooked and reinterpreted. Passages formerly translated are currently deciphered metaphorically; reviewed as having been legitimate at the time and the general public in which they were composed. However, is not authentic and essential for individuals today; they are thought to be vague in their unique dialect and are retranslated into English with a different implication.
In the meantime, religious liberals have tended to quickly acknowledge scientific discoveries and consolidate them rapidly into their philosophical convictions and frameworks of ethical quality. This has prompted determination of a portion of the real clashes in the course of recent hundreds of years liberating humanity from chains of doctrine, myths, dread, and superstitions. Some of these settled clashes are about the origin of earth and species, enthusiasm on cash, lightning, soporifics, vaccinations and anti-conception medication.
One might say that over a long span of time, there is a considerable increment in resilience and there is a purposeful push to know, understand and suit the opposite side. Studies and Pew Forum considers have indicated Atheists, Jews, outreaching Protestants and Mormons who have the most significant amounts of religious knowledge of their religions likewise stand out for elevated amounts of knowledge and charge better on inquiries regarding world religions, for example, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Judaism (Siniscalchi, 26-49).
The openness to questions and revisions is observed more in the area of natural science meaning that no idea has been proven for eternity and so the people adaptation and acceptance to ideas today might change, modify or reject any tests done or anticipated to be done in the future. Over a period, natural science has evolved as a subject that relied explicitly on the knowledge obtained through experimentation and examination of the best available evidence that is also subject to further improvement and correction if more precise and concrete evidence is obtained hence moving always towards quality (Moore, 26).
The identification of science to other disciplines is because of its progressive nature which is in contrast to morality, philosophy, religion, politics, and art. Science is often identified by its normative criteria and clear standards that exist to identify improvements and any advances. According to Sarton George, systematization and acquisition of definite knowledge are only the human activities which are genuinely progressive and cumulative. The possibility that science is an aggregate endeavor of specialists in progressive ages is reasonable for the Modern Age. Established empiricists and realists of the seventeenth century asked that the utilization of "quality" strategies for request ensures the revelation and defense of new certainties.
In the area do natural science, when there is consistency in the result through experiments, observations, and investigation, this calls for consensus amongst the scientific community to come up with an agreed solution that is reproducible. Over time, counterclaims and claims stand to persevere exploration and scrutiny whereby the resulting outcome is based on a stable, robust foundation (Moore, 37). The examination done through counterclaims and claims brings out a more concrete judgment and recognition rather than giving a mere accommodation. The originality of a theory or a modification of a theory in natural science involved a community process of sharing feedbacks, observations, experiments and interpreting data in carried settings and distinct ways. This process is entirely prolonged and rigor deliberation that seeks to settle on quality' knowledge for the entire humanity.
In conclusion, the quality of knowledge produced is infinitely subject to the precision of the Instruments, innovation of the time and the information accessible to test the current hypotheses. The availability of information overtime has positively improved human predictions and understanding on natural and human science by being influential in formulating strategy, decision making and plan. Many theories have been proposed and discussed explaining some phenomena using basic principles, but as time goes by, new technological advancement is introduced predicting new results that outshine the previous experiments. The accreditation of knowledge is done over a duration of time-based on the accumulation of evidence, and it's accompanied explanation that proves to be more accurate and robust compared to other alternatives that explain the same evidence.
Gibbons, Michael. The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Los Angeles: SAGE, 2012. Print.
Moore, Rob. Sociology of Knowledge and Education. London: Continuum, 2007. Internet Resource.
Siniscalchi, Glenn B. "The God Debates: a 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and
Everyone in Between) - by John R. Shook." Reviews in Religion & Theology. 19.1 (2012). Print.
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