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Questions on Cognitive Development in Preschool Stage - Paper Example

2 pages
489 words
Wesleyan University
Type of paper: 
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The two stages chosen for this reflection are Preschool state and School aged stage. The preschool stage consists of children aged between 3 and 6 and the while the school-aged stage consists of children of ages ranging from 6 and 12.

Question #10

Cognitive development and Communication and language are some of the domains observed within these two stages.

Question #11

Cognitive development in Preschool stage

Children in preschool stage begin to demonstrate the capability of initiating activities

Asserting control over their surroundings through play and other forms of social interaction. According to Erikson, they must resolve the task of initiative and guilt.

Cognitive development in Preschool stage

Children are able to develop memory and imagination

They also encounter the task of industry and inferiority where they begin to compare themselves with their peers

Communication and language development in preschool stage

Children learn to read and develop routines

Demonstrate a considerable level of increased attention plan

Communication and language development in school aged stage

Children have a well-developed communication abilities

Learn to be less egoistical and self-centred

Question #12

Early childhood is an essential stage in human development. During this stage, children begin to learn various aspects that include listening, observation, attention, and imitation. The social and cognitive event also occurs during this stage. In this way, therefore, teachers who understand the manner in which the children develop in different ways and the way they can develop in different ways as a result to various stimuli enables them to structure the lesson plan appropriately. It also gives the teacher insight on how best to teach children.

Question #13

The inability of teachers to understand the developmental characteristics of the age range of infancy through the age seven can have a tremendous negative impact on the child. Lack of this knowledge can prevent teachers from knowing the manner in which the brain develops. Teachers may, therefore, structure inappropriate lesson plans. When subjected to such programs, children may fail to gain essential learning aspects at the stages where they are supposed to attain them.

Question #14

Toddlers and children at the age of demonstrating specific developmental characteristics that are important for the preparation and design of various teaching plans. Toddlers show the ability to begin to explore their world where they learn to control their actions and act within their environments to get the results they want. They also begin to show explicit preferences for particular elements within their surroundings. At the age of 5, children begin to demonstrate imagination and memory to develop their social interaction skills with their peers. They further begin to develop their cognitive abilities such as thinking, learning, and increased attention. These developmental characteristics at five years enable teachers to develop and design the well-structured lesson plan that enhances social interaction, imagination, and the development of short-term memory. The teacher who handles toddlers will instead create structures that enhance practical activities that enable the child to learn and control their activities within their surroundings.


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