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Report Example: Skeletal Therapy. Muscular Therapy. Cardiovascular Therapy.

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Harvey Mudd College
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Skeletal therapy is the use of mobilization technique and body massage with the aim of aligning the bones such as backbone, neck and hips. The therapy is mostly to people facing skeletal related problem such as arthritis and pain on the joints. Skeletal therapy can be used in the treatment of arthritis. A continuous joint massage can help to reduce the joint pain that face people with arthritis. According to the research by Bernstein (n.d) soft massage from a professional therapist or a novice can help to improve the operations of the joints and reduce the pain. Apart from legs and knees, joint massage is also helpful for people suffering from hand and wrist a thirst for both male and female. The patients with arthritis problems are encouraged to massage their sore joints for a period of 15 minutes as an additional medical procedure. The back and neck pain is the most areas that people focus when seeking for massage, but Bernstein (n.d), explains that massage is applicable for all the joints in the body.

People with arthritis or other joint problems are faced with the problem low production of serotonin which leads to the increase in anxiety. Massage can lower the production of stress hormones therefore help to increase the mood (Bernstein, n.d). In addition, skeletal therapy is important for lowering the production of neurotransmitter substances which are responsible for the feeling of pain in the body. Although it is not clear how massage helps to reduce the level of stress, Bernstein (n.d) argues that as the amount of anxiety is lowered through massage help to reduce stress. However people arthritis are discouraged from going for massage when they have eroded joints, flare of inflammation, severe asteoporosis, varicose veins or high blood pressure. Generally, the massage process should focus on making the people feel better rather than worsen the pain. According to Bernstein (n.d), massage should not be used a medicine but rather a complementary to the prescription made by the doctor. This means, therapy should not replace the medicine but should only used as an added procedure to boost the medication provided by qualified physician.

Now how will massage benefit your skeletal system? Now that you know one of the ways your muscles work with your bones, lets go into how massage supports the skeletal system. One way is that as we stress our muscles they become tighter and tighter they place more stress on the attachment points than necessary. When you have tension on those attachment points it will actually feel like you have aching bones. This is where the massage comes in. Relax the muscles with your regular massage and you will relax the tension placed at the attachment points on your bones. Especially if your muscles are carrying too much stress, which is really what the issue is, TOO MUCH MUSCLE STRESS

Increases blood circulation which nourishes skeletal cells

Improves muscular balance and thus skeleton alignment (contracted muscles can pull bones out of alignment)

Exercises joints through range of motion joints are nourished by joint fluid, which is moved and circulated by massage

Can aid circulation in the area of a fracture without producing motion in bone fragments; also aids in healing of surrounding affected tissue

Can aid functional efficiency in terms of structural support/posture -> massage can be a first step in the process of postural awareness (where less energy is used to maintain efficient posture)

Can prevent adhesions from forming and can break down adhesions -> these adhesions can form between ligaments and bones, and can alter a joint by limiting range of motion (adhesions can form repair tissue, but not flexible tissue; massage, in turn, can create mobility in such scar tissue

Muscular therapy

Muscles aches contribute to a huge discomfort in the body calling for measures to address the problem. Although they are common, muscle aches can be extremely painful and can also contribute to other health problems when they prolong. The problems can affect every part of the body with body tissues. Muscle aches can be caused by a wide range of factors including intensive exercises and tension on the muscles. Over using body muscles during exercise can extensively contribute to pain in the body muscles including to internal injuries on the body muscles. The medical causes of body muscles include fibromyalgia, flue, dematomyotsitis and thyroid problems (Shin & Sung 2015).

There is a wide range of strategies that can be used to ease body muscles both at professional and home-based remedies. According to Drust et al.(2003), it is important for people engaging in strenuous exercise activities to take breaks to give the muscles time to relax and have the blood flow through the muscle tissues. Another strategy is using over-counter pain relievers which help to reduce the pain the muscle tissues. Therapy is also another effective strategy that can help to reduce the pain in the muscles and cause the muscles to relax.

Muscular therapy is administered to people facing muscle problem or any other muscle related problems. Although muscles aches are termed to be relatively risk as compared to other medical problem, patients are advised to visit a medical practitioner whenever a problem starts to get out of hand (Shin, M. S., & Sung, Y. H. 2015.).

Muscle massage is provided in my medical treatment centers including hospitals, rehabilitation centers and nursing homes. Muscles therapy can be provided to any person regardless of their age or any biological factors. Body muscles require to be massaged to allow a smooth flow of blood to various parts of the body and healing of muscle tissues (Shin & Sung 2015). Deep tissue massage helps to ensure that the blood is flowing in the muscle tissues to provide the easing of pain.

Increased Blood Flow

When a muscle has become injured, increased blood flow to the area helps speed healing. Massage therapy dilates or opens blood vessels, restoring the flow of fluid, oxygen and other nutrients to the injured area. Massage accomplishes this without increasing metabolic waste products that would normally occur with muscle contraction. In many cases of injury, massage therapy can decrease the amount of time it takes for a muscle to properly heal.

Increased Range of Motion

In any injury and with chronic poor posture, range of motion can be decreased due to muscles that are short and tight or have built adhesions within them. The bodys normal response to an injury is to try and lay down scar tissue in order to stabilize the area. This scar tissue will later cause decreased range of motion and other painful issues. Massage therapy breaks adhesions and lengthens muscles, thereby helping to restore proper range of motion. The full and fluid range of motion is necessary to maintain joint health.

Decreased Pain

Massage therapy has the ability to help decrease pain in many conditions, including low back pain, according to It accomplishes this in several ways. One way massage therapy helps is by blocking pain signals that originate within the musculoskeletal system from reaching the brain. Massage also helps move metabolic waste products, such as lactic and carbonic acid out of the muscle. These products generally build up within muscles after muscle activity and are responsible for the cramping and discomfort felt after stressful activity.

Cardiovascular Therapy

Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of death in the U.S according to the 2017 report by the CDC (Blacks & Whites, N2017). The disease is related to operations of the heart and circulation of the blood in major blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease can lead to various medical problems including heart attack, stroke and congenital heart disease. There are wide range of risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular diseases including smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, hereditary factors and high blood cholesterol. The daily lifestyles exhibited by a person also contribute to the number risk of getting cardiovascular diseases.

There are a number of methods that can help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. According to Weerapong, Hume and Kolt (2005), exercising healthy lifestyle, such as eating foods low in fat, avoiding smocking and exercising, can help to significantly reduce the risk of the cardiovascular diseases. Medication is also offered to help address the problem of cardiovascular disease in addition to taking cardiovascular therapy sessions. According to Weerapong, Hume and Kolt (2005), treating cardiovascular disease is a problem that requires early treatment and medication to avoid risk of escalation and worsening of the problem which may culminate to death of a patient.

Therapy has increasingly become one of the most used methods of treatment of cardiovascular disease. Therapy according to Kecskes (2014), Cardiovascular physical theory focused on helping patients with cardiovascular and related problems to improve their health. Cardiovascular theory usually aims at ensuring smooth flow of blood and efficient cardiac operations.Cardiovascular therapy is conducted to patients suffering from vaiorus chronic diseases such as heart diseases, stroke and other risky diseases related to cardiovascular diseases.

A cardiovascular physical therapy expert is likely to get a job by working in hospitals, rehabilitation centers and nursing homes. This kind of treatment is usually provided to all ages of patients because the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases cuts across all ages. Therapy involves helping the blood vessels to allow smooth flow of blood (Kecskes 2014).

Massage therapy, according to Kecskes (2014), helps to reduce risk factors that contribute to cardiovascular problems. During the massage, the blood flows smoothly reaching the crucial parts of the body such as the brain and the heart. Multiple research studies shows that when a person is subjected to continuous and persistent of massage helps to boost diastolic and systolic blood pressure therefore lowering the odd of having a heart attack.The massage therapy is administered using hands manipulate the tendons and the muscles tissues which are connected to the operations of the heart and flow of blood. Although massage therapy is vital, patients are advised to first seek advice from a primary care physician for guidance on how to go about it. Consulting a medical practitioner can help to decide on the right therapy expert in the region.



Bernstein, S. n.d. Benefits Massage. Arthritis Foundation. [Online]. Available At: <> (Accessed 26 January, 2018)

Blacks, N. H., & Whites, N. H. (2017). Heart Disease Facts. Center for Disease and Control. [Online]. Available At: <> (Accessed January 29, 2018)

Kecskes, A. 2014. How Massage Can Benefit Your Heart [Online]. Available At: <> (Accessed January 19, 2018).

Drust, B., Atkinson, G., Gregson, W., French, D. and Binningsley, D., 2003. The effects of massage on intra muscular temperature in the vastus lateralis in humans.International Journal of sports medicine, 24(06), pp.395-399.

Shin, M. S., & Sung, Y. H. 2015. Effects of massage on muscular strength and proprioception after exercise-induced muscle damage. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(8), 2255-2260.

Weerapong, P., Hume, P.A. and Kolt, G.S., 2005. The mechanisms of massage and effects on performance, muscle recovery and injury prevention. Sports medicine, 35(3), pp.235-25


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