Grammar is closely related to stylistics in the sense that it is part of applied linguistics. Stylistics concerns itself with interpreting text within a context. Gramma comes in when stylistics has to use the right pronunciation, tone, and spelling. When studying different types of linguistics, it is important to consider and respect how the social groups under study use their language. The linguistic individual must be willing and ready to understand the distribution of different words in a sentence and selection of tonal variation used. Grammar comes in when one has to mention words, sentences either in a passive or active voice and differentiates between the two. According to Arikan and Taraf (2010), grammar allows an only convert a sentence from either of the two without changing the original meaning. Retaining the concept means that one has grasped and interpreted the stylistics used in a certain language and are capable of conversing in the lingua with ease. In addition, another important consideration when it comes to grammar and stylistics is that sentences have different lengths. It means differentiating sentence structures enables an individual to communicate with ease and pass the intended message (Martin and Ellis, 2012 p77). Using stylistics in grammar means that a linguistic can identify the critical part, mediated concept and make literal meaning to a sentence. Defining and differentiating the two means that a linguistic has mastered the art of language. It also makes it possible to enjoy a new lingua.
Morrill (2010) describes grammar as rules that exist within a natural language. It relates to the clauses, words, composition, and combination of different words, and phrases that make one language stand out from another. Some of the rules applied in grammar are implied while others are expressed. However, when a linguistic studied a new language, they must respect the written and unwritten rules so that they can succeed in conversing in the new semantic (Dowty, 2012 p22). Therefore, stylistics come into play as one has to identify how they apply to the language. It takes testing and understanding the combination of different elements and knowing when to employ them at specific areas in a sentence. Making a coherent sentence means that one has fulfilled the laws of grammar in a language and have applied all relevant stylistics defined in a dialect.
Key Elements in Grammar
Key elements in grammar guide a linguistic on how they should follow the rules so that they can make sense when constructing a sentence. It means putting together different parts of a speech and pairing them in a structural way helps define the coherency status. Key elements in grammar include adjectives, verbs, adverbs, nouns, pronoun, determiners, conjunctions, and prepositions (Dowty, 2012 p77). A person who masters the use of the above elements must capture one of them in a sentence. It is important to know where to place different elements in a sentence so that it can make sense and help pass the message. Following and respecting the word order means that one can make both short and compound sentences with ease. Combining many sentences makes a paragraph. Retaining the order and rules of elements in grammar in a paragraph brings meaning and makes it easy to comprehend. The noun element is the largest classification while verbs make the second largest (Arikan and Taraf, 2010 p5212). When incorporating the elements of grammar in a sentence, it is important to capture a subject, phase, modifier, clause, and a predicate so that it can become a complete idea. The subject a relevant part of a sentence since it comes at the beginning or the end depending on whether the sentence is active or passive respectively.
Nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs are flexible and accommodate additional ideas in a language as they help enrich the composition and combination of words. It forms the open class as linguistics understand that developments in a language factored in by time, cultural changes, and technology, as well as interaction with other dialects, is most likely to birth new ideas in one language (Morrill, 2010 p100). It is therefore important to accept additional and new ideas as long as they do not contradict with the original words. On the other hand, closed classes comprise of the other key elements in grammar like pronouns, conjunctions, interjections, determiners, amongst others. Linguistics must obey and observe the rules laid down in grammar if they want to construct a sentence or bring meaning to different phrases. The confusion arises when one fails to obey implicit rules in closed classes (Martin and Ellis, 2012 p11). A sentence loses it meaning and may have more than one meaning depending on the angle a reader considers. When many words are combined, they make a phrase, which then develops into a sentence and later a paragraph.
Analysis of Literary Text in Grammar
Analysing poetry as a literary text of choice in grammar indicates that different styles are applied when composing art. An artist in words combines different words to bring a pre-determined sound and tone, which allows the phrases created have a rhythm. It also makes it interesting to read and follow (Martin and Ellis, 2012 p81). Some poems combine different words, which makes them appear complex and requires an analytical and creative mind to understand what a poet says. On the other hand, simple words might be used in a sentence in a poem making it appear easy to understand and comprehend what an artist state (Dowty, 2012 p12). Poetic language allows artists to play around with words as long as they make sense. Some reveal a deep knowledge of linguistics and ability to manipulate the elements in grammar and stylistics to bring a formal and informal meaning. The most important thing in poetry is the way it appears. There must be some form of sense created to pass a message and words used must carry the weight. It makes it easy and possible for readers to enjoy a poem (Morrill, 2010 p1). Poems can create a short-term memory as they are precise and to the point. This justifies why it is possible to memorize a poem within a short time of interacting with the text. In addition, memorizing a poem means that a poet captures variations in their tones, pitch, and different soundtracks and makes it easy to capture the words in a mind. It means that they have successfully mastered the art of grammar and applies their creativity in a context. The semantics in one language are different from another which makes each unique and interesting to learn and understand as long as one has interest.
Arikan, A. and Taraf, H.U., 2010. Contextualizing young learners English lessons with cartoons: Focus on grammar and vocabulary. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), pp.5212-5215.
Dowty, D.R., 2012. Word meaning and Montague grammar: The semantics of verbs and times in generative semantics and Montague's PTQ (Vol. 7). Springer Science & Business Media.
Martin, K.I. And Ellis, N.C., 2012. The roles of phonological short-term memory and working memory in L2 grammar and vocabulary learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 34(3), pp.379-413.
Morrill, G., 2010. Categorial grammar: Logical syntax, semantics, and processing. Oxford University Press.
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