Essay on Pathophysiology: Schizophrenia

2021-08-23 01:10:53
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490 words
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Wesleyan University
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Schizophrenia is a health condition that is characterized by a brain disorder that negatively influences the manner in which people behave, perceive and think. This complex disorder entails deregulation of various pathways in its pathophysiology (Sekar, et al 2016).

Etiology

The etiology also referred to the neurodevelopment development is yet to be established, drugs such as the amphetamines that can enhance DA can lead to the psychosis that imitates paranoid schizophrenia and can aggravate schizophrenic symptoms (Sekar, et al 2016).

Various environmental and genetic factors lead to the similar, though not identical problems in the brain functioning and structure that result in the manifestation of the equal pattern of symptoms that are given the title schizophrenia."

The Client

As per the patients psychological state, age as well cultural and social background, it reveals that, yes, he could be having schizophrenia, the following analysis will be based on Erikson Stage of Development that will be divided into Theoretical, Behavioral and Rationale.

Theoretically Symptoms

In the theoretical terms, Schizophrenia symptoms are such as:

Hallucination and delusion

Negative symptoms- such as reduction in the emotional range, poor speech, lack of drive and interest as well as terrific inertia (Sekar, et al 2016).

Cognitive symptoms:- Neurocognitive deficits, difficulties in recognizing subtleties and nuances of the interpersonal relationships and cues (Sekar, et al 2016).

Mood symptoms- the patients, always appear to be either sad or cheerful in an awkward manner, they are often depressed (Sekar, et al 2016).

Behavioral Symptoms

Subjective Data

The patient had been suffering from diabetes type 1 and hypertension

Depressive disorders

Lost his left leg due to diabetes

Delusions, acoustic hallucination, together with disorderly behavior and speech

The patient was socially aggressive

Angry outburst

The patient was relapsing after avoiding taking therapeutic medication

Objective Data

Short memory

Neurocognitive deficits that led to lack of attention and working memory that comes with the old age

Reduction in the emotional range, poor speech, lack of drive and interest as well as terrific inertia

The client exhibits some psychological problems; he had hallucination and delusions.

Rational

The theoretical symptoms of the condition indeed fit the client's health condition is characterized by behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia. The signs and symptoms absolutely show how the patients condition was caused by his old aging. However, the patient is in a stable condition, and due to her progress, I foresee that she will maintain a stable condition as he obliges to the therapeutic regimen.

Intervention

The antipsychotic eases the positive schizophrenia symptoms and averts relapses. In general, there is no precise antipsychotic drug that has been recommended for schizophrenia, but Clozapine remains to be the most recognized medication, but neither is it recommended as the first-line therapy. Also, psychosocial treatment is significant; the properly studied psychosocial treatments include cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training, social cognition training and cognitive remediation. The psychosocial treatments are presently oriented as per the recovery model (Sekar, et al 2016).

Reference

Sekar, A., Bialas, A. R., de Rivera, H., Davis, A., Hammond, T. R., Kamitaki, N., ... & Genovese, G. (2016). Schizophrenia risk from the complex variation of complement component 4. Nature, 530(7589), 177-183.

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